EnvironmentConservation of Biodiversity and Habitats

Conservation of Biodiversity and Habitats

Asian Waterbird Census

Habitat survey
Habitat survey

TeaM Energy Foundation, Inc. (TEFI) was established to handle the CSR activities of TeaM Energy Corporation (TeaM Energy), an independent power producer in the Philippines in which Marubeni owns a 50% stake. In cooperation with the Wild Bird Club of the Philippines (WBCP) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, TEFI has participated in the Asian Waterbird Census, an Asian aquatic bird population survey conducted by the international NGO “Wetland International”, every year since 2010, and collects data on waterbirds within a 10-kilometer radius of the Pagbilao and Sual power plants, which are owned and operated by TeaM Energy. The survey has confirmed that the environmental impact on the neighborhoods around the power plants is low, and a healthy environment is being maintained.
The areas around the Pagbilao and Sual power plants are sanctuaries of the Philippine duck (Anas luzonica), an endemic species of the Philippines that is designated as “vulnerable” in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014 issued by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The sites of the power plants are resting spots for many other birds, including migratory birds.
TEFI takes steps to safeguard the habitat of these birds through noise reduction measures, limitations on development, and habitat relocation in the event of development. In the 2020 survey, a total of 313 Philippine ducks and 10 brahminy kites were confirmed at the power plant sites and within a 10-kilometer radius.

Afforestation Program

Afforested area
Afforested area

TEFI is carrying out projects to plant acacia, eucalyptus and other tree varieties at its Pagbilao and Sual power plants in partnership with neighboring communities as well as NGOs such as Sioasio East Forest Developers Association. The average survival rate of the saplings planted in Sioasio is 95%. To date, approximately 100 hectares at Sual and 328 hectares at Pagbilao have been planted and are being maintained.

For approximately four years, until the Pagbilao and Sual power plants are transferred to the state-run power company from 2024 through 2025, Marubeni will continue to protect and maintain a total of 144,400 ha of forests where TEFI has been carrying out conservation and afforestation, as well as at other activity areas, with the goal to protect biodiversity and to foster forest preservation.

Engagement to Reduce Loss of Biodiversity

Forest Conservation Activities and Providing Livelihoods to Indigenous People

  • Forest conservation activities
    Forest conservation activities
  • Interaction with local residents
    Interaction with local residents
  • Products and honey produced
    Products and honey produced

Since 2010, TEFI has had various activities in implementing a Community Carbon Pools Program (C2P2) in the municipality of General Nakar in the province of Quezon, in cooperation with the Philippine Department of Environment and Natural Resources, local residents, and international and local NGOs.

TEFI conducted training and provided funding to a honey manufacturing facility powered by solar energy. In addition to honey, the communities of General Nakar produce and resin, food and other non-timber products and also engage in textile dyeing and tea harvesting.
These activities provided livelihood intended to improve living standards for 34 tribal communities and over 2,000 local residents, and to help preserve the 144,000 hectares of forest and prevent deforestation. They also contribute to the reduction of GHG emissions caused by deforestation, the long-term conservation of forests, and the promotion of carbon storage with forests.

The Handling of RSPO/ISCC Certified Products

Roughly 30% of the palm oil and palm oil derivative products handled by our subsidiary Baum & Co., Inc. (USA) are RSPO/ISCC certified products.
We are doing our part to promote such certified products by responding to the needs of our environmentally conscious customers.

Entry into the Salmon Farming Business via Recirculating Aquaculture System

Responding to the Rising Global Demand for Marine Products

The improvement of living standards in the developing countries and growing health consciousness in the developed countries have resulted in the yearly increase in the global demand for marine products. Nevertheless, as the fish catch from fisheries has remained stable for the past 30 years, aquaculture has taken on an increasing significance. Within this field, in the sub-industry of salmon farming, which has been geographically limited due to the scarcity of coastal regions that are suited to seawater culture, expectations are especially high for the growth of land-based salmon farming through the use of a Recirculating Aquaculture System (hereinafter “RAS”*), which is not limited by geographical conditions.

 A Recirculating Aquaculture System (RAS) is a farming method that filters and circulates 90% or more of the water used in an enclosed, land-based facility. Given that water temperature, water quality, and other conditions are controlled within the facility, it is minimally impacted by outside factors.

In April 2020, Marubeni, jointly with Nippon Suisan (Europe) B.V., acquired shares of Danish Salmon A/S (hereinafter “DS”), a globally top-ranked company with a track record in RAS production. Marubeni will meet the growing global demand for marine products through DS, one of the few companies to have established manufacturing expertise and technology in this field.

Contribution to Sustainability

RAS has minimal impact on the surrounding environment and the ecosystem, as it uses and recirculates water within an enclosed facility, thereby reducing water pollution and the risk of escaping farmed fish. RAS also has an established control framework and is thus capable of retaining records, making it a farming method that supports traceability. It is also being regarded as a viable method of effectively resolving future shortages in protein supply which may occur in conjunction with the growing global population.
Marubeni is ready to contribute to the resolution of social problems by not only meeting the growing global demand for marine products but also providing a stable supply of environmentally-friendly marine products.

  • The mechanism of RAS farming
    The mechanism of RAS farming
  • salmon

Contribution to Sustainable Fishery

Marubeni is a full member of Marine Ecolabel Japan (MEL), and promotes initiatives of fisheries, aquaculture, and chain of custody that considers environment, biodiversity, and sustainable use of fishery resources.
Marubeni will continue to contribute to sustainable fishery that is environmentally and ecologically friendly within our business as well as in our supply chain.

Marine Ecolabel Japan (MEL)

Support for "Sustainable Seafood Week 2020"

With increasing concern that seafood is being depleted from seas around the world, efforts are being made to shift toward sustainable use of marine resources. The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Japan Office, Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) Japan, and World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Japan hold the Sustainable Seafood Week (SSW) 2020 to further spread the awareness of sustainable seafood across Japan in October. The annual campaign started in 2014 and this time is the seventh year.
Sustainable Seafood refers to food made from fish caught by methods that prevent depletion of marine resources or farmed responsibly, and do not have adverse effects on the biological system, to preserve the valuable marine resources into the future. Marubeni has been promoting the handling of MSC certified products, which are guaranteed as natural marine products caught with consideration of marine resources and the environment. Marubeni supports the activities of the Sustainable Seafood Week that aim to spread the practice of sustainable seafood.

Click here to view the "Sustainable Seafood Week 2020" web site. (Japanese only)

Cooperation with Stakeholders

Support of the Declaration of Biodiversity by Keidanren

In January of 2020, the Company announced its agreement with and support of the Revision to “Declaration of Biodiversity by Keidanren and Action Policy” of October 2018 put out by the Keidanren Committee on Nature Conservation.