EnvironmentSustainable Forestry

Forest Management Policy

1. Introduction

Marubeni Group (hereinafter the “Company”) promotes sustainable forest management by conducting fair and upright corporate activities in accordance with the spirit of the Company Creed of “Fairness, Innovation and Harmony”. We recognize that forests are renewable resources that provide various benefits for sustaining life on earth, and embrace economically viable forest management methods with the aim of ensuring the prosperity of present and future generations.

We strive to contribute to the establishment of a circular economy by creating innovation in the utilization of forest resources and responding to the society’s environmental needs that are becoming more diverse.

The Forest Management Policy (hereinafter the “Policy”) drives our commitments to sustainable forest management, the protection of forests with high conservation value (HCV*1) and the elimination of unregulated forest logging in our business activities. We, through our focus on on-site operations, are able to create economic benefits and contribute to society by conducting sustainable forest management through coexistence and co-prosperity with local communities, as well as supplying environmentally conscious wood resources that respond to society's needs.

2. Scope of Application

The Policy applies to all woodchip and pulp manufacturing and forest plantation operations by Marubeni and its subsidiaries worldwide.

3. Commitments

We go beyond compliance in our commitments to sustainable forest management. Through this Policy, we reaffirm our commitment to comply with all applicable laws and regulations relevant to forestry operations and seek to extend this obligation to our contractors and their employees.

(1)Natural Capital

In implementing sustainable forest management, we commit to the following guidelines on the principle of No Deforestation:

  • Only handling wood resources managed in a sustainable and appropriate way.
  • No conversion of natural forests in forest plantation developments.
  • Proactively addressing protection of HCV forests in our forest management from the viewpoint of biodiversity conservation.
  • No forest plantation operations in HCV forests or on peatland.
  • Committing to a “No Burn Policy” that restricts the use of fire in forest plantation operations that can potentially cause forest fires in tropical forest areas.
  • Minimizing the impact of logging and related logging access roads construction on ecosystems.
  • Proactively addressing the protection of species at risk of extinction included in IUCN’s (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) Red List of Threatened Species.
  • Restricting the usage of alien species only to cases where impact is manageable.
  • Following international best practices for soil management.
  • Not using any pesticides classified as Class 1A/1B in the classification scheme of the WHO (World Health Organization), or any substances regulated by the Rotterdam Convention and the Stockholm Convention as pesticides.
  • Not using genetic modification technology in forest management.
  • Effective utilization of trees damaged by natural disasters such as burned trees, fallen trees, drift wood etc.

(2)Social Capital

We commit to the social and economic development of the areas where we operate and seek to identify opportunities to create shared values with local communities. We recognize the importance of land use rights for local communities and indigenous people and their right to enjoy a fair share of the benefits obtainable from the commercial use of forest resources. Marubeni Group follows the principles regarding human rights described in the Basic Policy on Human Rights, and conducts the following activities as a responsible party:

  • Committing to provide a safe and productive work environment, and not tolerating any form for child labor, forced labor, discrimination, harassment or abuse.
  • Following the principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) when starting new forestry operations on the lands where indigenous and local communities hold legal or customary rights.
  • Establishing grievance and conflict resolution mechanisms compliant with international standards and the regulatory requirements of the host countries of our forestry operations, as well as engaging in good-faith dialogue with stakeholders to resolve any issues.
  • Actively carrying out stakeholder engagement on local, national and international scales.
  • Respecting the rights of every worker.

We are contributing to economic and social development of areas where we operate through the following initiatives:

  • Creating employment opportunities for local residents (priority allocation of contracts for forest plantation related work)
  • Joint programs with local residents (Joint Forestry, Agriculture and Forest Products Harvesting Programs, etc.)
  • Support activities for local residents (support for indigenous people, vocational training, disaster prevention drills, voluntary provision of daily necessities, etc.)
  • Educational support (scholarships, construction or renovation and extension of schools, dispatching of teachers, operational support, etc.)
  • Other community support (support for infrastructure equipment repair, sports events, etc.)

(3)International Standards

We promote the main principles outlined in international standards relevant to the forestry industry (forest plantations, woodchips and pulp manufacturing) in our own operations as part of our commitment to sustainable forest management.

(4)Environmental and Social Risk Assessment

We conduct the necessary environmental and social risk assessment prior to the completion of land acquisitions or land developments for new operations.

4. Governance


The Policy is approved by Marubeni’s Board of Directors. Oversight of the Policy is by the Chairperson of Sustainability Management Committee with implementation by the Business Group.

(2)Links to Other Policies

The Policy complements other sustainability related policies of the Company including the Basic Policy on Human Rights and Basic Supply Chain Sustainability Policy.

(3)Policy Management

We will review the Policy at least once a year, or as new information and knowledge becomes available, in ways that are consistent with our objectives of sustainable forest management.

(4)Certification Audit and Monitoring

We hold international certification for sustainable forest management and CoC (Chain of Custody) certification to manage distribution and processing. As a result, accredited bodies conduct regular auditing and monitoring of these certifications.

(5)Information Disclosure

In addition to increasing the transparency of our business activities, we are committed to disclose information on our approach to sustainable forest management on the Company website etc.

1 HCV forests are forests that have a High Conservation Value in social, cultural and or environmental terms.

Procurement Policy (Forest-derived Products)

1. Introduction

The Marubeni Group (hereinafter referred to as “we”) conducts fair and upright corporate activities in accordance with the spirit of its Company Creed of "Fairness, Innovation and Harmony" and strives to build a sustainable society together with its business partners in line with the "Basic Supply Chain Sustainability Policy."

We have established the Product Procurement Policy (Forest-derived Products) (hereinafter referred to as the “Policy”) to promote the procurement of timber and related products produced from appropriately managed forests, thereby realizing the sustainable use of forest resources.
This Policy has been approved by Marubeni’s Board of Directors. The Chairperson of the Sustainability Management Committee oversees the Policy, and the Business Group is in charge of its effective implementation. We undertake to review this Policy at least annually and revise it as necessary.

2. Scope

This Policy applies to the trading of timber and related products by Marubeni and its subsidiaries worldwide. Specifically, it covers logs, woodchips (including fuel woodchips), pulp, and paper and paperboard products (hereinafter referred to as "procured products").

3. Commitment

In cooperation with suppliers and customers, we are committed to ensuring the traceability of procured products while conducting our procurement activities in accordance with the Basic Supply Chain Sustainability Policy and the following principles.

  1. (1) No handling of procured products produced from illegally logged timber.
  2. (2) No handling of products procured from suppliers involved in serious environmental and social controversies, such as the destruction of forests with high conservation value.
  3. (3) No handling of procured products produced from genetically modified wood.
  4. (4) Promoting the handling of procured products that have been certified under a reliable international forest certification system.

In order to promote this Policy, we will investigate the environmental and social considerations of suppliers as well as their compliance with laws and regulations. In the event that any non-compliance with this Policy is discovered, consultations and requests for improvement measures will be made. If the non-compliant supplier does not improve, we will review our business relationship with the relevant supplier.

We will regularly disclose information on this Policy. We are committed to promoting to society the sustainable use of forest resources through appropriate communication with our suppliers and customers and other stakeholders.

Performance Data of Forest Certification Acquisition

The Marubeni Group (hereinafter referred to as “we”) has been promoting the use of certified materials in consideration of sustainability. We will continue our efforts to increase the percentage of certified products that we handle.

Ratio of certified forest products to consolidated net sales of the Forest Products Division
Item 2018 2019 2020
Total of FSC*2, PEFC*3 33% 39% 39%

2 Certification by the FSC®(Forest Stewardship Council®)(FSC® C016260): An NPO established to promote responsible forestry around the world and operates systems of international forest certification.

3 Certification by PEFC (The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification): An international forest certification system, which endorses mutual recognition of forest certification systems of various countries.

Initiatives toward Forest-derived Products

Due Diligence

To ensure the procurement of products in accordance with the Procurement Policy (Forest-derived Products), Marubeni conducts due diligence (hereinafter “DD”) on the suppliers’ status of compliance with laws, respect for human rights, preservation of the environment, fair trade, health and safety, etc. Results of the DD in FYE 3/2021 showed that of the 726 suppliers of timber and related products, the 77 major suppliers (with an annual turnover of JPY 3 million or more) exhibited no significant problems within the scope of the DD. This survey covered 84% of Marubeni’s annual turnover of forest-derived products. We intend to gradually expand the scope of the DD and strive for more sustainable utilization of forest resources.

Our target and aim

Through the due diligence on suppliers of forest-derived products, the Marubeni Group will consider the protection of natural forests and the sustainable use of forest resources and will promote initiatives aimed at ensuring that new and existing suppliers are aware of and comply with the Group's Procurement Policy (Forest-derived products) and that traceability of procured products is ensured.

Overview of the FYE 3/2021 Survey

■Applicable items and transactions of related products
The survey covered the four items based on the Procurement Policy (Forest-derived Products), i.e. logs, woodchips (including fuel woodchips), pulp, and paper / paperboard products, which correspond to the timber and related products handled by the Group.

■Selection of applicable suppliers and implementation method
A 3-step process has been set up in consideration of the impact on Marubeni’s business and sustainability-related risks.

① First stage of DD: Internal preliminary survey
We first selected the 77 major suppliers (with an annual turnover of JPY 3 million or more) out of our 726 suppliers of timber and related products. Of these 77 suppliers, 11 companies handling products other than certified wood from an entity which has acquired forest certification (FSC certification, PEFC certification, and certified wood under a mutual certification agreement with PEFC) and controlled wood based on a forest certification system (FSC controlled wood*4, PEFC controlled wood*5, and controlled wood based on a certification system under a mutual certification agreement with PEFC), which were found to be in need of undergoing a sustainability questionnaire survey by Marubeni, were identified as subjects for the second stage of DD. In FYE 3/2020 and FYE 3/2021, 25 companies were identified as the subjects for the second stage of DD (equivalent to 43% of Marubeni’s turnover of forest-derived products).

② Second stage of DD: Sustainability questionnaire survey
A sustainability questionnaire survey was conducted on the 11 companies identified in the first stage of DD. As a result, no significant problems were confirmed with these 11 companies.

③ Third stage of DD: Detailed onsite inspection
Suppliers whose status of compliance with laws, respect for human rights, preservation of the environment, fair trade, health and safety, etc. could not be sufficiently confirmed are subject to a detailed onsite inspection. If these suppliers do not undertake measures to mitigate the risks identified in the survey, Marubeni would consider reevaluating these transactions. In FYE 3/2021, no suppliers were identified as requiring the third stage of DD.


  • FSC controlled wood: While not FSC certified wood, FSC controlled wood is timber, which may be combined with FSC certified wood to manufacture FSC certified wood. Compliance of FSC controlled wood must be confirmed based on the criteria for FSC controlled wood.
  • PEFC controlled sources: While not PEFC certified wood, PEFC controlled sources are timber, which may be combined with PEFC certified wood to manufacture FSC certified wood. Compliance of PEFC controlled sources must be confirmed based on the criteria for PEFC controlled sources.

Sustainable Forest Management

Forest area throughout the world began to decline rapidly in the 20th century. Forests fulfill a variety of environmental functions, including biodiversity conservation, erosion control, and watershed conservation. The wood resources we obtain from forests also play important roles in our daily lives. Marubeni recognizes that sustainable forest management is of the utmost importance because of the social and economic value that forests provide.

WA Plantation Resources Pty. Ltd.(WAPRES)
WA Plantation Resources Pty., Ltd.(WAPRES)

The Marubeni Group*6 currently holds some 130,000 hectares of tree plantations in Australia and Indonesia (total gross project area is about 300,000 hectares). Focusing on eucalyptus, a fast-growing broadleaf tree that matures in six to ten years, and through a controlled cycle of planting, cultivation, management and harvesting, we provide a stable and sustainable supply of wood resources used for pulp and paper. Because we plant on sites that do not threaten the lives and livelihood of local inhabitants and do not harvest natural forests, our forest plantation business is sustainable and demonstrates consideration for the environment and regional communities.

The Marubeni Group’s forest management is operated in accordance with standards established by forest certification systems. WAPRES, which operates the forest plantation and wood chip production business in Australia, has obtained Forest Management Certification (FSC® C016260)*7 and Chain of Custody certification*8 from the Forest Stewardship Council*2 (FSC), and Sustainable Forest Management certification from Responsible Wood*9.

MHP, which operates the forest plantation business in Indonesia, has obtained Forest Management certification from the Indonesian Forestry Certification Cooperation*10. Wood harvested from the plantation managed by MHP is supplied as 100% certified wood as of March 31, 2021.

The Marubeni Group will continue to manage the supply chain*11 for manufacturing pulp and paper in a sustainable manner.

  • The Marubeni Group’s forest plantation business is conducted by two consolidated subsidiaries: WA Plantation Resources Pty., Ltd. (WAPRES) in Australia and PT. Musi Hutan Persada (MHP) in Indonesia.
  • Forest Management certification/Sustainable Forest Management certification: Certification that a forest owner or management organization conducts sustainable forest management based on certain criteria established by an independent third party.
  • Chain of Custody certification: A certification of manufacturers, processors and distributors that manage wood and wood products from certified forests separately from other materials based on certain criteria established by an independent third party.
  • Responsible Wood (Certification Scheme): A forest certification system in Australia endorsed and mutually recognized under the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), an international forest certification system for the endorsement and mutual recognition of forest certification systems of various countries.
  • Indonesian Forestry Certification Cooperation: A forest certification system in Indonesia endorsed and mutually recognized under the PEFC.
  • The Marubeni Group has businesses that span the pulp and paper supply chain, with a pulp mill at PT. Tanjungenim Lestari Pulp and Paper, a consolidated subsidiary in Indonesia, the two paper mills of consolidated subsidiaries Koa Kogyo Co., Ltd. and Fukuyama Paper Co., Ltd., and a paper recycling business at Marubeni Paper Recycle Co., Ltd.

(As of April 2021)